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Understanding Oxygen: A Vital Gas for Various Uses

Oxygen is an essential gas for all living beings and crucial for respiration. In nature, plants produce oxygen during photosynthesis. This natural oxygen is obtained by liquefying air, separating it from other gases, and then distilling it. This results in industrial oxygen, with a purity level of 90 to 95%. Industrial oxygen has extensive applications in various industries.

Industrial oxygen plays a key role in several applications:

  • It supports the combustion of acetylene gas, generating a hot flame ideal for cutting and welding metals in fabrication and engineering workshops.
  • It is used in furnaces for steel manufacturing and in the controlled burning of explosives in mining operations.
  • Oxygen with a purity level between 95% to 99% is predominantly used for medical purposes, such as artificial respiration in hospitals, high-altitude activities, and aviation, including airplanes and jets.
  • Scuba divers use a mixture of helium and industrial oxygen for underwater respiration.

The demand for various types of oxygen gas is on the rise due to industrialization and the treatment of pulmonary disorders, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Two primary methods are employed for oxygen production: industrial oxygen plants and tonnage oxygen plants. The first method yields high-purity oxygen, often reaching 99%, with the majority stored as a liquid and delivered to customers in tankers or cylinders for on-site re-evaporation. Tonnage oxygen plants are designed to produce large quantities of oxygen, typically at a slightly lower purity level of 90-95%. This gaseous oxygen is directly supplied to industries through pipelines in the surrounding area.

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